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 Skorpiovenator bustingorryi

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PostSubject: Skorpiovenator bustingorryi   Wed Oct 26, 2016 6:16 pm

Skorpiovenator bustingorryi



Temporal range: Late Cretaceous, 95 Ma

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
clade: Dinosauria
clade: Theropoda
Family: Abelisauridae
Subfamily: Carnotaurinae
clade: Brachyrosta
Genus: Skorpiovenator Canale et al., 2009

Skorpiovenator is a genus of abelisaurid theropod dinosaur from the late Cretaceous period of Argentina.

The type species, Skorpiovenator bustingorryi, is known from a single, nearly complete skeleton missing only most of the forelimbs and parts of the tail. The specimen was recovered from the lower part of the Huincul Formation in Patagonia, dating to the late Cenomanian stage, about 95 million years ago. It would have lived alongside other carnivorous dinosaurs such as the carcharodontosaurid Mapusaurus and another abelisaurid, Ilokelesia.

The type specimen was described and named by Canale, Scanferla, Agnolin, and Novas in 2009 (though the paper was released as an advanced publication online in 2008). The name Skorpiovenator bustingorryi is derived from the Greek and Latin for "scorpion hunter," due to the abundant scorpions present at the dig site, and the specific name honors Manuel Bustingorry, who owned the farm where the specimen was found. The describers have defined a new name Brachyrostra for a clade, to which Skorpiovenator belonged.

Skorpiovenator was initially estimated to have grown up to 9 m (29.5 ft) in length. In 2010, Gregory S. Paul gave lower estimations of 7.5 m (24.6 ft) and 1.67 tonnes (1.84 short tons). In 2016, an even smaller size of 6.2 metres (20 ft) was estimated. It had short, stubby, near-useless arms, but strong legs with powerful thighs and sturdy shins over which its large body was balanced.
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